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Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by gas, bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or constipation that 10 percent of the world’s population experiences, often unknowingly. It is a disease with normal findings in conventional medical tests, and the cause is not yet known. Irritable Bowel Syndrome can be treated with dietary and lifestyle changes.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is divided into 3 types:

  • IBS-C: Most of the stool is hard and lumpy.
  • IBS-D:Most of the stool is loose and watery.
  • IBS-M: There are both hard and watery bowel movements on the same day.

In people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome, the colon muscle tends to contract more. These contractions cause cramps and pain. The excess of bad bacteria in the intestinal tract and the resulting dysbiosis are among the causes of irritable bowel syndrome.


  • Women are 2 times more likely to have irritable bowel syndrome than men.
  • People with a family history of irritable bowel syndrome
  • People with stress and anxiety disorders
  • People with celiac disease or gluten intolerance
  • People with food intolerance
  • People with severe digestive tract infections
  • People who consume excessive medication and antibiotics

Inflammation of the intestines can develop due to leaky gut syndrome. Due to poor diet, excessive consumption of medicines and antibiotics, alcohol consumption and smoking, and other environmental factors, intestinal cells are damaged, and food is not digested as it should be and passes through the leaky gut into the bloodstream. This causes a reaction in the immune cells and triggers inflammation in the body. Inflammation can trigger cancer, Alzheimer’s and many other diseases.

Zonulin and Lipopolysaccharide tests should be performed to diagnose leaky gut syndrome.

Foodstuffs that may be useful in case of high zonulin levels:

  • Broccoli
  • Curcumin
  • Correct use of probiotics

A low FODMAP diet should be followed in the nutritional treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Foods to avoid that are high in FODMAP:

  • Fruits high in fructose such as bananas, watermelon, yellow melon, apples, grapes, mangoes, etc. and corn syrup and honey
  • Milk and dairy products
  • Onion, garlic, wheat
  • Gluten-containing foods
  • Legumes
  • Sweeteners
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